A Sovereign Republic, fundamental

9. Here we discuss about the articles of Indian Constitution which is frequently asked in various competitive exams Indian constitution is one most important subject for competitive exam because it’s just have articles to know about and definitely get good marks from it’s fixed syllabus-

Article 1:-  Name and territory of the Union

Article 3:- Formation of new states and alteration of areas, boundaries or name of existing states

Article 13:- Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the ‘Fundamental Rights’.

Article 14:-  Equality before law

Article 16:- Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.

Article 17:-  Abolition of untouchability

Article 19:- Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech, etc.

Article 21:- Protection of life and personal liberty

Article 21A:- Right to elementary education

Article 25:- Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion.

Article 30:- Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.

Article 31C:- Saving of laws giving effect to certain ‘Directive Principle’.

Article 32:- Remedies for enforcement of Fundamental Rights including writs.

Article 38:- State to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people.

Article 40:-  Organisation of village panchayats.

Article 44:- Uniform Civil Code for the citizen

Article 45:- Provision for early childhood care and education to children below the age of 6 years.

Article 46:- Promotion of educational and economic interests of scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and other weaker sections

Article 50:-  Separation of judiciary from executive.

Article 51:- Promotion of international peace and security.

Article 51A:- Fundamental Duties.

Article 72:- Power of President to grant  pardons, suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases.

Article 74:-  Council of Ministers to aid and advice the President.

Article 76:-  Attorney-General of India

Article 78:-  Duties of prime Minister as  respects the furnishing of information to the President, etc.

Article 110:- Definition of money bills

Article 112:- Annual Financial Statement (Budget)

Article 123:-  Power of President to promulgate ordinances during recess of Parliament.

Article 143:- Power of President to consult Supreme Court.

Article 148:- Comptroller and Auditor General of India.

Article 149:-  Duties and powers of the comptroller and Auditor General of India

Article 155:- Appointment of the Governor.

Article 161:-  Power of Governor to grant pardons, etc. and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases.

Article 163:-  Council of ministers to aid and advice the Governor.

Article 165:-  Advocate-General of the state which British laws are still used in India.

Article 167:-  Duties of Chief Minister with regard to the furnishing of information to the Governor, etc. 

Article 168:-  Constitution of legislatures in the states

Article 169:-  Abolition or creation of Legislative Councils in the states.

Article 170:-  Composition of legislative Assemblies in the states.

Article 171:- Composition of Legislative Councils in the states.

Article 172:- Duration of state Legislatures

Article 173:- Qualification for membership of the state Legislature.

Article 174:- Sessions of the state Legislature, prorogation and dissolution.

Article 178:-  Speakers and Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly.

Article 194:- Powers, privileges and immunity of advocate-General

Article 200:- Assent to bills by governor (including reservation for President)

Article 202:- Annual financial statement of the state Legislature.

Article 210:- Language to be used in the state Legislature.

Article 212:- Courts not to inquire into proceeding of the state Legislature.

Article 213:- Power of governor to promulgate ordinances during recess of the state Legislature.

Article 214:- High courts for the states

Article 217:- Appointment and the conditions of the office of the judge of a High Court.

Article 226:- Power of high courts to issue certain writs

Article 239AA:- Special provisions with respect to Delhi.

Article 243B:- Constitution of Panchayats.

Article 243C:- Composition of Panchayats.

Article 243G:- Powers, authority and responsibilities of Panchayats.

Article 243K:- Elections to the Panchayats

Article 249:- Power of Parliament to Legislate with respect to a matter in the state List in the national interest.

Article 262:- Adjudication of disputes relating to waters of inter-state rivers or river valleys.

Article 263:-  Provision with respect to an inter-state council.

Article 265:- Taxes not to be imposed save by authority of law.

Article 275:- Grants from the Union certain states.

Article 280:- Finance Commission  Article 300:- Suits and proceedings.

Article 300A:- Persons not to be deprived of property save by authority of law (Right to property)

Article 311:- Dismissal, removal or reduction in rank of persons employed in civil capacities under the Union or a state.

Article 312:- All-India Services.

Article 315:- Public service commission for the Union and for the states.

Article 320:- Functions of Public Service Commission.

Article 323-A:- Administrative Tribunals

Article 324:-  Superintendence, direction and control of elections to be vested in an Election Commission

 Article 330:- Reservation of seats for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes in the house of the People. 

Article 335:- Claims of Scheduled castes and Scheduled tribes to services and posts. 

Article 352:- Proclamation of Emergency (National Emergency)

Article 356:- Provisions in case of failure of constitutional machinery in states (President’s Rule)

Article 360:- Provisions as to Financial Emergency. Article 365:- Effect of failure to comply with or to give effect to, directions given by the Union (President’s Rule)

Article 368:- Power of Parliament to amend the Constitution and procedure therefore

Article 370:-  Temporary provision with respect to the state of Jammu and Kashmir
Independent of Country
Government of India Act & Integration
A Unique Document

Continuity With The Past and Judicial Review

Emergency Powers

The Difference Between The Act of 1935 and The Present Constitution

important articles
Union Territories
Right of Citizenship
Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment
Directive Principles of State Policy
Powers , Privileges and Immunities
Conduct of business
Administrative Relations

unless the context otherwise requires

The Scheduled and Tribal areas
Emergency Provisions