A Sovereign Republic, fundamental

13.  Directive Principles of State Policy:-  In this Part , unless the context otherwise requires, the State has the same meaning as in part III.
1.    Application of the principles contained in this Part. – The provision contained in this Part shall not be enforceable by any court , but the principles therein laid down are nevertheless fundamental in the government of the country and it shall be the duty of the state to apply these principles in making laws.
2.     State to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people .-The  state shall strive to promote the welfare of the people by securing and protecting as effectively as it may a social order in which justice , social , economic and political , shall inform all the institutions of the national life.

  • The State shall, in particular, strive to minimize the inequalities in income , and endeavour to eliminate inequalities in status, facilities and opportunities , not only amongst individuals but also amongst groups of people residing in different areas or engaged in different vocations.      
  • Certain principles of policy to be followed by the State – The State shall , in particular , direct its policy towards securing  - 
  •  That the citizens ,  men and  women equally , have the right to an adequate means of livelihood;
  •  That the ownership and control of the material resources of the community are so distributed as best to subserve the common good;
  • That the operation of the economic system does not result in the concentration of wealth and means of production to the common detriment;
  • That there is equal pay for equal work for both men and women, that the health and strength of workers , men and women , and the tender age of children are not abused and that citizen are not forced by economic necessity to enter avocations unsuited to their age or strength;
  •  That children are given opportunities and facilities to develop in a healthy manner and in conditions of freedom and dignity and that childhood and youth are protected against exploitation and against moral and material abandonment.
  • Organisation of village panchayats: The State shall take steps to organize village panchayats  and endow them with such power and  authority as may be necessary to enable them to function s units of self – government.
  • Right to work to education and to public assistance in certain cases.-The State shall, within the limits of its economic capacity and development , make effective provision for securing the right to work ,to education and to public assistance in cases of unemployment , old age, sickness and disablement, and in other cases of undeserved want.
  • Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief:- The State shall make provision for securing just and humane conditions of work and for maternity relief.
  • Uniform civil code for the citizens.- The State shall endeavour to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India.
Independent of Country
Government of India Act & Integration
A Unique Document

Continuity With The Past and Judicial Review

Emergency Powers

The Difference Between The Act of 1935 and The Present Constitution

important articles
Union Territories
Right of Citizenship
Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment
Directive Principles of State Policy
Powers , Privileges and Immunities
Conduct of business
Administrative Relations

unless the context otherwise requires

The Scheduled and Tribal areas
Emergency Provisions