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A Sovereign Republic, fundamental

 16.   Administrative Relations :–

  • The executive power of every state shall be so exercised as to ensure compliance with the laws made by Parliament and any existing laws which apply in that State , and the executive power of the union shall extend to the  giving of such directions to a state as may appear to the Government of India to be necessary for that purpose.
  • The executive power of the Union shall also extend to the giving of directions to a state as to the construction and maintenance of means of communication declared in the direction to be of national or military importance. Provided that nothing in this clause shall be taken as restricting the power of parliament to declare highways or waterways or the power of the union with restricting the power of parliament to declare highways or waterways so declared or the power of the union to construct and maintain means of communication as part of its functions with respect to naval, military and air force works.
  • The executive power of the union shall also extend to the giving of directions to a state as to the measures to be taken for the protection of the railways within the state.
  • Where in carrying out any direction given to a State under clause (2) as to the construction or maintenance of any means of communication or under clause (3) as to the measures to be taken for the protection of any railway , costs have been incurred in excess of those which would have been incurred in the discharge of the normal duties of the State if such direction had not been given, there shall be paid by the Government of India to the State such sum as may be agreed , or in default of agreement , as may be determined by an arbitrator appointed by the chief justice of India, in respect of the extra costs so incurred by the state.
  • Assistance to states by deployment of armed forces or other force of the union . The constitution Act, 1978, s. 33
  •  Notwithstanding anything in this constitution, the  President may, with the consent of the Government of a State, entrust either conditionally or unconditionally to that Government or to its officers function in relation to any matter to which the executive power of the union extends.
  • A law made by parliament which applies in any State may , notwithstanding that it relates to a matter with respect to which the Legislature of the State has no power to make laws, confer powers and impose duties , or authority the conferring of powers and the imposition of duties , upon the state or officers and authorities thereof.
  • Where by virtue of this article powers and duties have been conferred or imposed upon a state or officers or authorities thereof , there shall be paid by the Government of India to the state such sum as may be agreed , or, in default of agreement , as may be determined by an arbitrator appointed by the Chief Justice of India, in respect to any extra costs of administration incurred by the State in connection with the exercise of those powers and duties.
Independent of Country
Government of India Act & Integration
A Unique Document

Continuity With The Past and Judicial Review

Emergency Powers

The Difference Between The Act of 1935 and The Present Constitution

important articles
Union Territories
Right of Citizenship
Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment
Directive Principles of State Policy
Powers , Privileges and Immunities
Conduct of business
Administrative Relations

unless the context otherwise requires

The Scheduled and Tribal areas
Emergency Provisions
Miscellaneous